14 Flutter: Friendly Chat App

main.dart
import 'package:flutter/cupertino.dart';
import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
void main() {
runApp(new FriendlychatApp());
}
final ThemeData kIOSTheme = new ThemeData(
primarySwatch: Colors.orange,
primaryColor: Colors.grey[100],
primaryColorBrightness: Brightness.light,
);
final ThemeData kDefaultTheme = new ThemeData(
primarySwatch: Colors.purple,
accentColor: Colors.orangeAccent[400],
);
const String _name = "Your Name";
class FriendlychatApp extends StatelessWidget {
Widget build(BuildContext context) {
return new MaterialApp(
title: "Friendlychat",
theme: defaultTargetPlatform == TargetPlatform.iOS
? kIOSTheme
: kDefaultTheme,
home: new ChatScreen(),
);
}
}
class ChatMessage extends StatelessWidget {
ChatMessage({this.text, this.animationController});
final String text;
final AnimationController animationController;
Widget build(BuildContext context) {
return new SizeTransition(
sizeFactor: new CurvedAnimation(
parent: animationController,
curve: Curves.easeOut
),
axisAlignment: 0.0,
child: new Container(
margin: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 10.0),
child: new Row(
crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
children: <Widget>[
new Container(
margin: const EdgeInsets.only(right: 16.0),
child: new CircleAvatar(child: new Text(_name[0])),
),
new Expanded(
child: new Column(
crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
children: <Widget>[
new Text(_name, style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.subhead),
new Container(
margin: const EdgeInsets.only(top: 5.0),
child: new Text(text),
),
],
),
),
],
),
)
);
}
}
class ChatScreen extends StatefulWidget {
State createState() => new ChatScreenState();
}
class ChatScreenState extends State<ChatScreen> with TickerProviderStateMixin {
final List<ChatMessage> _messages = <ChatMessage>[];
final TextEditingController _textController = new TextEditingController();
bool _isComposing = false; // make it true whenever the user is typing in the input field.
/* Modify _handleSubmitted to update _isComposing to false
when the text field is cleared.*/
void _handleSubmitted(String text) {
_textController.clear();
setState(() {
_isComposing = false;
});
ChatMessage message = new ChatMessage(
text: text,
animationController: new AnimationController(
duration: new Duration(milliseconds: 700),
vsync: this,
),
);
setState(() {
_messages.insert(0, message);
});
message.animationController.forward();
}
void dispose() {
for (ChatMessage message in _messages)
message.animationController.dispose();
super.dispose();
}
Widget _buildTextComposer() {
return new IconTheme(
data: new IconThemeData(color: Theme.of(context).accentColor),
child: new Container(
margin: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 8.0),
child: new Row(children: <Widget>[
new Flexible(
child: new TextField(
controller: _textController,
onChanged: (String text) {
setState(() {
_isComposing = text.length > 0;
});
},
onSubmitted: _handleSubmitted,
decoration:
new InputDecoration.collapsed(hintText: "Send a message"),
),
),
new Container(
margin: new EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 4.0),
child: Theme.of(context).platform == TargetPlatform.iOS
? new CupertinoButton(
child: new Text("Send"),
onPressed: _isComposing
? () => _handleSubmitted(_textController.text)
: null,
)
: new IconButton(
icon: new Icon(Icons.send),
onPressed: _isComposing
? () => _handleSubmitted(_textController.text)
: null,
)),
]),
decoration: Theme.of(context).platform == TargetPlatform.iOS
? new BoxDecoration(
border:
new Border(top: new BorderSide(color: Colors.grey[200])))
: null),
);
}
Widget build(BuildContext context) {
return new Scaffold(
appBar: new AppBar(
title: new Text("Friendlychat"),
elevation:
Theme.of(context).platform == TargetPlatform.iOS ? 0.0 : 4.0
),
body: new Container(
child: new Column(
children: <Widget>[
new Flexible(
child: new ListView.builder(
padding: new EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
reverse: true,
itemBuilder: (_, int index) => _messages[index],
itemCount: _messages.length,
)
),
new Divider(height: 1.0),
new Container(
decoration: new BoxDecoration(
color: Theme.of(context).cardColor),
child: _buildTextComposer(),
),
]
),
decoration: Theme.of(context).platform == TargetPlatform.iOS ? new BoxDecoration(border: new Border(top: new BorderSide(color: Colors.grey[200]))) : null),//new
);
}
}
/**************************************************************************
********************************* Notes ***********************************
**************************************************************************/
/*
- @override is a Dart annotation that tells your code to override the
build() method of the framework's abstract StatelessWidget class.
- In Flutter, if you want to visually present stateful data in a widget,
you should encapsulate this data in a State object. You can then associate
your State object with a widget that extends the StatefulWidget class.
e.g you want to show data in a TextField which is a stateful widget
- Flexible widget tells the Row to automatically size the text
field to use the remaining space that isn't used by the button.
- In Dart syntax, the fat arrow function declaration => expression is
shorthand for { return expression; }.
- reverse to make the ListView start from the bottom of the screen
- itemCount to specify the number of messages in the list
- itemBuilder for a function that builds each widget in [index]. Since we don't need the
current build context, we can ignore the first argument of IndexedWidgetBuilder.
Naming the argument _ (underscore) is a convention to indicate that it won't be used.
- Use the AnimationController class to specify how the animation should run. The
AnimationController class lets you define important characteristics of the animation, such
as its duration and playback direction (forward or reverse).
- When creating an AnimationController, you must pass it a vsync argument. The vsync
prevents animations that are offscreen from consuming unnecessary resources. To use your
ChatScreenState as the vsync, include a TickerProviderStateMixin mixin in the
ChatScreenState class definition.
- The SizeTransition class provides an animation effect where the width or height of its
child is multiplied by a given size factor value.
The CurvedAnimation object, in conjunction with the SizeTransition class, produces an
ease-out animation effect. The ease-out effect causes the message to slide in quickly
at the beginning of the animation and slow down until it comes to a stop.
*/